Tripartite Agreement Between Pakistan India And Bangladesh

But Bangladesh reached the agreement because Pakistan held 203 Bangladeshi officials hostage for its 195 high-ranking officers. It also made the repatriation of four Lakh-Bangladeshis uncertain and imposed strong international pressure on Bangladesh. The Delhi Agreement was a trilateral agreement signed on 28 August 1973 between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. and only ratified by India and Pakistan. [1] It allowed the repatriation of prisoners of war and interned officials held in the three countries after Bangladesh`s war of liberation in 1971. The agreement was criticized because Pakistan did not repatriate Urdu spokesmen to Bangladesh and failed to bring to justice 195 high-ranking military personnel accused of being admitted to the war. [2] The 195 officers of the Pakistani army are morally and legally responsible for the 1971 genocide, and Bangladesh has the moral and legal rights to bring them to justice. Pakistan`s apology for the 1974 agreement gives it no time frame. This is the latest in our series that revealed Pakistan`s moral hypocrisy and double language on war crimes committed by its army in Bangladesh in 1971.

Among the PoWs, 195 Pakistani military officers detained in India have been identified as the main war crimes suspects. Pakistan insisted that they be released as one of its main demands. She urged several Muslim countries to refuse recognition of Bangladesh until the release of the 195 officers. [7] India preferred their repatriation to Pakistan. In the text of the agreement, Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Kamal Hossain said: “This new development would have a profound impact on the issue of the 195 war criminals and, ultimately, on the relationship between Sheikh Mujib and “his” people. Although the agreement called for the repatriation of Russian-speaking biharis to Bangladesh, the Pakistani government withdrew its promise to relocate the Community to Pakistan. [6] This led to the stateless Pakistani community stranded in Bangladesh. The agreement also returned more than 13,000 km2 of land that Indian troops had conquered during the war in western Pakistan, although India retained some strategic areas, including Kargil, Kashmir, which in turn was to be the focal point of a war between the two nations in 1999. After long and stressful negotiations on prisoners of war, Bangladesh finally signed a tripartite agreement in Delhi in April 1974 in which Bangladesh declared “taking into account the Appeal by the Pakistani Prime Minister to the Bangladeshi people to forgive and forget the mistakes of the past”, and Bangladesh decided not to pursue the trials as an act of leniency.

Repatriation was an important step at the height of the reconciliation between Bangladesh and Pakistan. The two countries began diplomatic relations in 1974. In Bangladesh, many repatriated officials have been reported. Judge Abdus Sattar, Bangladesh`s 9th President, was a remarkable example. Many repatriated military personnel served in the leadership of Bangladesh`s armed forces, including Rear Admiral Mahbub Ali Khan and Lieutenant-General Muhammad Mahbubur Rahman. The main reason for this tripartite agreement was the resolution of the two issues of the 195 prisoners of war who were brought to justice and the number of non-Bengalis to be accepted by Pakistan. With regard to the amnesty granted to war criminals in Pak, the Bangladeshi Foreign Minister at the time and a signatory to the tripartite treaty, Dr. Kamal Hossain, said that Pakistan was committed to suring that its war criminals were educated in its own country, and that Bangladesh was releasing them without attempting to create an atmosphere of peace and agreement on the subcontinent.