These joint security units face many challenges if they are to contribute to disarmament. Most armed groups are under little pressure from demobilization and have little incentive to do so, while the armed forces – the other component of the units – do little to exceed basic training, and even the 1,300 modest soldiers stationed outside Bangui (in March) have no equipment or power lines. Even if the joint units are formed, the process carries several risks: that it does not involve wider disarmament; That former members of armed groups receive minimal training, if at all; and that they are not monitored by the army or the UN. [fn] Crisis Group Telephone Interview, senior UN official, May 2019.Armed group commanders could therefore de facto retain control of their veterans, increasing the likely that they will continue to exploit civilians, only now in army uniforms. This problem is compounded by the fact that neither the EU nor the UN is responsible for training the units; Officials from both organizations are currently looking for a way to provide indirect support. [fn] Interviews of the crisis group, EU and UN officials, Brussels and Bangui, April and May 2019.Hide Footnote In addition, as described below, the parties have a very different view of what the units bring. This report examines the construction of the negotiations in Khartoum, the provisions of the agreement itself, its strengths and shortcomings, the differences of views of the parties on the agreement and the challenges to its implementation. It offers ideas on how the government of the public co-rulers and its international partners can build on the agreement by rebuilding their engagement in the country, supporting local peace initiatives and resurrecting regional diplomacy. Based on research in Bangui in January, March and April 2019, as well as in Addis Ababa, Brussels and New York, it relies on the extensive coverage of the Crisis Group`s Car since the beginning of the crisis in 2012. [fn] This coverage is archived on the Crisis Group website.
Hide Footnote Beyond power-sharing, the government has made progress on some provisions of the agreement, but not others. Reports indicate that work is underway to establish the prefectural committees and the technical oversight committee. The bilateral commission between the K.O. and Cameroon met in Bangui from 6 to 8 May to discuss cross-border cooperation; According to reports, a meeting of the CAR-Chad committee was scheduled for the end of the month, but has since been delayed. [fn] Interview of the Crisis Group, African Diplomat, Bangui, May 2019.Hide Footnote The government has completed its communication strategy and is broadcasting information on the agreement on national and local radio. [fn] Maintenance of the Crisis Group, head of the Ministry of Communications, Bangui, May 2019.Hide Footnote However, the training of mixed security units has been more difficult; As described above, some armed groups have not yet provided their full lists of names and some in Bangui remain skeptical of the GDR`s progress in the near future. [fn] Crisis Group interviews, civil society actors, politicians, Bangui, March and May 2019.